Module 1. Understanding and Preparing for Colonoscopy

What is a colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is a medical procedure that allows doctors to look inside the inner lining of the colon and rectum in order to evaluate colon health and look for colon cancer. A colonoscopy helps find problems such as ulcers, inflammation, bleeding, polyps and tumors. The experts explain that colonoscopy is used as an early cancer screening tool in patients who have no symptoms, and in patients who already have symptoms it is used to evaluate and diagnose what the problem might be. Colonoscopy is also used in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease) and in patients who have unexplained symptoms such as blood in their stool, to make sure there is no cancer, mucosal disease, polyp, or even tumor.
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Animation - What is a colonoscopy and how do I prepare?
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Slide Show - What is a colonoscopy and how do I prepare?
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Expert Videos

What is a colonoscopy?
3. What is a colonoscopy?
Why is a colonoscopy important?
4. Why is a colonoscopy important?
Is a colonoscopy safe?
5. Is a colonoscopy safe?
What does the colon do?
6. What does the colon do?
Who needs a colonoscopy?
7. Who needs a colonoscopy?
What can I eat or drink before a colonoscopy?
8. What can I eat or drink before a colonoscopy?
What does bowel prep involve?
9. What does bowel prep involve?
What are bowel prep meds?
10. What are bowel prep meds?
Why is bowel prep important?
11. Why is bowel prep important?
What should I tell my doctor about before my colonoscopy?
12. What should I tell my doctor about before my colonoscopy?
What about my current medications?
13. What about my current medications?